5 Principles that Defines the Rule of Law and Justice System in the United States

Why Do We Need Laws? | The Judicial Learning Center

Aside from other authority websites, the content of the U.S. Constitution can be found on ReviewsBird.com. The rule of law is embedded in the Constitution as the fundamental means that codify the value of citizens.

Many countries of the world have the rule of law to ascertain justice and fairness. The United Nations Organization founded after World War II also has its rule of law for international affairs. Many law firms perceive the rule of law to be the laws that express the intent of the people. In a democratic society, no one is above any other person. That is, there is no superior person before the law. Thus, the representatives of the people, that is the legislature, are those who amend the laws. They ensure that the will of the people is achieved through the provisions of the U.S. Constitution.

As a system based on simple majority rule, the principles of the rule of law are critical in upholding the rights of everyone. The Bill of Rights was passed based on the concept of individual liberty. That is, an individual must enjoy the liberty of speech, choice of religion, equal treatment before the law, and due process that are Constitutional. Without the Bill of Rights, the idea of natural laws and the feature of liberty as humans will be denied.

Rule of law is therefore a principle in which everyone; including entities and institutions, are accountable to the law. As a democratic country that adheres to the principles of law, the court is the highest upholder of justice. There are different courts in the United States of America. These courts hear the opinions and grievances of both minority and majority groups. They ensure that the right of a citizen isn’t infringed upon intentionally or unintentionally. They also ensure that justice and peace are achieved to be enjoyed by the collective.

On a broader scope, the principles of the rule of law are established to achieve international peace. It involves the complex weaving of social, political, and economic development of the international system. Thus, these laws do not only govern people. In the international scope, it governs states and state actors, humans, organizations, and entities, to enforce the principles of natural law.

The Principles of the Rule of Law

There are different pillars in which the rule of law stands. It can be extended to different concepts. However, some of the most important principles include:

  1. The supremacy of the law
  2. Equality of persons before the law
  3. The accountability of the law
  4. Fairness in the application of the law
  5. The concept of the separation of powers in the law

All of these are enforced to achieve the transparency of the law and its procedure of operation. Another principle of law is public participation in the decision-making process. Especially in domestic issues. The avoidance of arbitrariness and legal certainty are also parts of the principles of the rule of law. The rule of law is strengthened to promote peace in every working society.